Amazing Sights at Angkor In Cambodia
February 13, 2014 – 4:34 am | No Comment
Angkor is a UNESCO protected city and the largest archaeological sites in South East Asia stretching in an area of 400 km. It is a destination which has the remains of the Khmer regime and the parks, temples and hydraulic structures mesmerize you with its sheer grandeur and splendour. Every year millions tourist cross flock to this amazing fairy tale land and enter Angkor Wat, the largest religious  [...]

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Tulum Ruins: Pride of Mexico

Posted on November 24, 2010 | Historic DestinationNo Comment

The fame of Tulum rests on its unique location. It is situated on a bluff that faces the sun. Tourists get a spectacular view of the Caribbean Islands. Tulum literally means ‘wall’ in Mayan culture. The city got its name because it was predominantly a walled city. There are not many structures that can compete with Tulum.

Research indicates that Tulum ruins were previously known as Zama or ‘dawn’. Its location makes the title apt. The city got the name Tulum following the exploration work of Stephens and Catherwood in the year 1841. This happened just prior to the Caste War in 1847. Both explorers ordered clearing of trees. Catherwood also made several illustrations of temples. These were later published in the book entitled Incidents of Travel in Yucatan. The actual discovery of Tulum is attributed to Juan Jose Galvez.

A stele inscription dates the Tulum ruins back to AD 564. Tulum thus belongs to the Classic period. The region reached its peak during AD 1200 to AD 1521. This was the Late Post-classic period. Tulum served as a major link to the trade network of Mayan era. Tulum was the site of convergence of maritime and land routes. Many artifacts have been discovered near the site. These are proof that Central Mexico was well-connected with Central America. Rattles made of copper, as well as rings, have been unearthed from the highlands of Mexico. Yucatan has seen several flint stones and ceramics. Guatemala is known for its jade and obsidian.

Juan de Grijalva is, in all probability, the first man to tour Tulum ruins. He and his men sailed along Yucatan’s eastern coast. The Spaniards arrived later for conquering the Peninsula. They brought with them diseases of the old world, which destroyed the local population. Therefore, Tulum lay abandoned like many previous cities.

Visitors get the opportunity to witness the ruins of ancient buildings, which were once the lifeline of the city, both ceremonially and politically. The walls enclose the city monumentally. There is a special section around the wall, which is prohibited for visitors. The region was also renowned for its wooden and palm houses. Today, all the evidence of these houses has vanished.

Tulum’s center square was in probability used for ceremonies and rituals. Castillo (or Castle) flanks the square to the west. The Castillo is also called the lighthouse. It is Tulum’s tallest building and also the most renowned. It offers spectacular views of the ocean and coastal regions, which stretch for miles. The upper rooms are adorned with lintels, which are carved with the motif of the plumed serpent. The rooms are vaulted in a typical Mayan style.

Temple of the Descending God is another intriguing structure. The façade contains a figure that is sculpted head downward. The inner walls have traces of original color used by the Maya. The figure that descends represents a deity.

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