Amazing Sights at Angkor In Cambodia
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Angkor is a UNESCO protected city and the largest archaeological sites in South East Asia stretching in an area of 400 km. It is a destination which has the remains of the Khmer regime and the parks, temples and hydraulic structures mesmerize you with its sheer grandeur and splendour. Every year millions tourist cross flock to this amazing fairy tale land and enter Angkor Wat, the largest religious  [...]

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Hagia Sophia of Constantinople: Pure Delight

Posted on November 18, 2010 | Historic DestinationNo Comment

Hagia Sophia of Constantinople is also known as the Church of Holy Wisdom. Hagia Sophia is a former church belonging to the Byzantine era. It served as an Ottoman mosque in the city of Istanbul. Hagia Sophia is presently a museum. It is considered as one of the fine monuments in the world.

Presently, the original Hagia Sophia is completely destroyed. Constantine the Great undertook the construction of this monument in the fourth century. Constantine served as the first, Catholic emperor. He founded the city of Constantinople. He called this city ‘new Rome’. Hagia Sophia of Constantinople is a premier church, located in an important city.

When the church was eventually destroyed, the emperor’s son, Constantius, and the then emperor Theodosius, undertook the construction of a second one. The Nika riots of 532 AD led to the complete burning down of the beach. Some of its fragments have been excavated. Hagia Sophia of Constantinople was built between the years 532 AD and 537 AD. Emperor Justinian I supervised the construction.

Hagia Sophia of Constantinople is a wonderful example of Byzantine architecture. It has a rich collection of mosaics, marble pillars, and coverings. It is rumored that Justinian, on completion of the structure, exclaimed that he had outdone Emperor Solomon.

Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles were the architects of the church. They were also teachers of geometry at the Constantinople University. Their work was a success in technical terms. Several earthquakes caused extensive damage to the structure. The earthquake of AD 558 caused the original dome to collapse. In AD 563 the dome’s replacement, too, collapsed. Efforts were undertaken to protect the dome. However, there were further collapses that were partial in nature.

Hagia Sophia of Constantinople was a significant architectural accomplishment belonging to Late Antiquity. The monument has had a far-reaching influence on Roman Catholics, Muslims, and Eastern Orthodox Christians.

For nearly nine centuries, Hagia Sophia of Constantinople served as a gathering for church councils and ceremonies of kings.

In the year 1204, the monument was plundered, desecrated, and destroyed as part of the Crusades. The Patriarch of Constantinople was replaced with a Latin bishop. This led to the division between the churches of Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholics. The Great Schism of 1054 led to this division. Therefore, most treasures that were once housed in the museum have now made their way to St Marks Basilica in the city of Venice.

Hagia Sophia of Constantinople served as the primary mosque of Istanbul for five centuries. It served as a model for later mosques of the Ottoman Empire. The Blue Mosque,  Rustem Pasha Mosque and Suleiman Mosque all draw inspiration from the Hagia Sophia.

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